Class 1 (January 27th): Introduction and discussion of problems.
Class 2 (February 3rd): Overview of Tharsis stress and tectonics:
Lucchitta, B. K., A. S. McEwen, G. D. Clow, P. E. Geissler, R. B.
Singer, R. A. Schultz, and S. W. Squyres, The canyon system on Mars, in
Mars (H.H. Kieffer
et al., eds.), Univ. Arizona Press, Tucson, 1992. Relevant pages: pp.
453-461 (Introduction; Physiography); pp. 484-490 (Structure; Origin).
Watters, T. R., Origin of periodically spaced wrinkle ridges on the Tharsis
Plateau of Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 15599-15616, 1991. (Also see:
Watters, T. R., Correction to "Origin of periodically spaced wrinkle ridges
on the Tharsis Plateau of Mars," J. Geophys. Res., 96, 22829-22832, 1991.)
Tanaka, K. L, M. P. Golombek, and W. B. Banerdt, Reconciliation of
stress and structural histories of the Tharsis region of Mars, J. Geophys.
Res., 96, 15617-15633, 1991.
Harder, H., Phase transitions and the three-dimensional planform of
thermal convection in the Martian mantle, J. Geophys. Res., 103,
Breuer, D., D. A. Yuen, T. Spohn, and S. Zhang, Three dimensional
models of Martian mantle convection with phase transitions, Geophys. Res.
Lett., 25, 229-232, 1998.
Topic II. What is the age of the polar caps and have they they changed significantly with time?
Class 5 (February 26th): Overview of North and South polar caps and
Howard, A., Cutts, J. and Blasius, K., Stratigraphic relationships
within martian polar cap deposits, Icarus, 560, 161-215, 1982.
Zuber, M. et al., Observations of the north polar region of Mars
from the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter, Science, 282, 2053-2060, 1998.
Clifford, S., Polar basal melting on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 92,
9135-9152, 1987. Kieffer, H., and Zent, A., Quasi-periodic climate
change on Mars, Chapter 33, in Mars (H. H. Kieffer et al., eds.), Univ.
Arizona Press, Tucson, 1135-1179, 1992.
Jakosky, B., and Haberle, R., The seasonal behavior of water on
Mars, Chapter 28, in Mars (H. H. Kieffer et al., eds.), Univ. Arizona
Press, Tucson, 969-1016, 1992.
Fanale, F., Postawko, S., Pollack, J., Carr, M. and Pepin, R.,
Mars: Epochal climate change and volatile history, Chapter 32, in Mars (H.
H. Kieffer et al., eds.), Univ. Arizona Press, Tucson, 1135-1179, 1992.
Class 8 (March 24th): Overview of hypotheses for large-scale standing
bodies of water.
Parker, T., Saunders, R. and Schneeberger, D., Transitional
morphology in the west Deuteronilus Mensae region of Mars: Implications for
modifications of the lowland/upland boundary, Icarus, 82, 111-145, 1989.
Baker, V., Strom, R., Gulick, V., Kargel., J., Komatsu, G., and
Kale, V., Ancient oceans, ice sheets and the hydrological cycle of Mars,
Nature, 352, 589-594, 1991.
Parker, T., Gorsline, D., Saunders, R., Pieri, D. and Schneeberger,
D., Coastal geomorphology of the martian northern plains, J. Geophys. Res.,
98, 11061-11078, 1993.
Scott, D., Chapman, M., Rice, J., and Dohm, J., New evidence of
lacustrine basins on Mars: Amazonis and Utopia Planitia, Proc. Lunar
Planet. Sci. 22, 53-62, 1992. (See also, Scott, D., et al., Map of Mars
showing channels and possible paleolakes, U. S. Geological Survey Misc.
Inv. Map I-2461, 1995).
Baker, V., Carr, M., Gulick, V., Williams, C., and Marley, M.,
Channels and valley networks, Chapter 15, in Mars (H. H. Kieffer et al.,
eds.), Univ. Arizona Press, Tucson, 493-522, 1992.
Tanaka, K., Scott, D., and Greeley, R., Chapter 11, in Mars (H. H.
Kieffer et al., eds.), Univ. Arizona Press, Tucson, 345-382, 1992. (p.
Schaefer, M., Geochemical evolution of the northern plains of Mars: Early hydrosphere, carbonate development, and present morpohology, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 14291-14300, 1990.
Gulick, V., Episodic, ocean-induced CO2 pulses on Mars: Implications for fluvial valley formation, Icarus, 130, 68-86, 1997.
Warren, P., Petrologic evidence for low-temerature, possibly flood evaporite origin of carbonates in the ALH84001 meteorite, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 16759-16773, 1998.
Class 11: (April 28th): In this class, we will use the established programmatic guidelines and engineering constraints for landing site selection as a basis to consider locations of sites for optimal scientific return. Each student will prepare an LPSC-type abstract describing their recommendations for a landing site, and a sample collection strategy for a sample return mission. In the class, each student will present their results to a review panel consisting of faculty and other knowledgable individuals from Brown and JPL.
Class 12 (May 5th): LPSC-like presentations of term papers.
Expectation of class participants are as follows:
2. Class participation: Those enrolled are expected to have read all of the assigned papers and to participate actively in the discussion of the topics.
3. Landing site selection abstract and presentation: Preparation of an LPSC-like abstract on your site and an oral presentation to the site selection board.
4. Term paper: Preparation of a GRL-like paper describing original research on a scientific problem related to the above topics and using Mars Global Surveyor and related data. Paper topics are due March 26th in the form of a one-page proposal, and papers are due April 30th. Oral presentation of paper at the LPSC-like presentation session during Class 12, May 5th. The topic of the paper may be related to, but should be separate from any reseatrch in which you are already engaged.
Readings and related material will be located in a box in Lincoln
Carr, M., Water on Mars, Oxford Univ. Press, New York, 229 pp., 1995.