Change Mitigation and Sustainable Development in Peru; Compatible Goals?
A Feasibility Study of Carbon Emissions Trading
through forestry management strategies in the Peruvian Amazon
This research project explores the realities associated with carbon
emissions trading both from an ecological and social perspective.
The principle of carbon emissions trading stems from the Kyoto Protocol
where industrialized nations are able to invest in carbon sequestering
projects in developing nations to meet their commitments to reduce
greenhouse gases. This grants investors, the industrialized nations,
emissions credits at lower cost than domestic abatement, whilst providing
host countries with an additional source of economic investment. As
tropical deforestation contributes approximately 20 percent of global
carbon dioxide emissions forestry projects are one mechanism for achieving
Kyoto goals. Future creditable land use options include reforestation,
forest enrichment and preservation of primary forest. The land use
implications of the potential for carbon trading are being examined
at the local level through a case study area of 400,000 hectares outside
the city of Iquitos in the Northern Peruvian Amazon. Through the use
of remote sensing, ecological surveys and qualitative research techniques
an initial feasibility study is currently being executed.
research thesis examines the potential for carbon emissions trading
through forestry management in the Peruvian Amazon. Various methodologies
were employed; the study area was mapped through the use of remote
sensing, carbon stocks were estimated using ecological inventories
and the social context and future scenarios were examined through
a combination of qualitative techniques with local communities, and
policy makers. It is hoped this integrated project will feed into
future development plans for the study area located just outside Iquitos,
in the north-east of Peru.
Figure 1: Future Scenarios: a local farmers map of his vision
for future land-use