Microsymposium 57

Polar Volatiles on the Moon and Mercury:
Nature, Evolution and Future Exploration

The Woodlands Waterway Marriott Hotel and Convention Center
1601 Lake Robbins Drive, The Woodlands, Texas, USA
Montgomery A-C
March 19-20, 2016



Co-Sponsored by Brown University, the Vernadsky Institute, Space Research Institute (IKI), and the Brown-MIT NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI)

The discovery of polar volatile materials on the Moon and Mercury has revolutionized our thinking about the origin, evolution and exploration of these significant scientific legacies and potential future resources. What is the nature and distribution of these materials?  How did they form? What is their age? How are they maintained? What is their abundance? What records do they hold of the geological, geochemical and orbital history of the Moon and Mercury? What can they tell us about the degassing history of the Moon and Mercury? What can they tell us about the flux of comets in the Solar System? What can we learn from the comparison of polar volatile materials on Mercury and the Moon? How do we explore these materials in the future to address these questions and to assess their potential for supporting human exploration?  In this Microsymposium, we will explore our current knowledge of these materials and seek to identify the key questions, goals and objectives in order to underpin and motivate future exploration. We will review current exploration plans, including the U.S. Resource Prospector, Russian Luna and ESA BepiColombo missions. 

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Saturday, March 19, 2016 (1 PM-6:30 PM)

1:00 PM:  Introduction: Jim Head, Carle Pieters and Maria Zuber

1:10 PM:  The Nature of Polar Volatile Materials on Mercury and the Moon

Ariel Deutsch: Mercury’s Polar Deposits as Revealed by MESSENGER Mission Image Data: Correlation of Radar Bright Deposits and Large PSRs.

Nancy Chabot: Mercury’s Polar Deposits as Revealed by MESSENGER Mission Image Data: Surfaces of Polar PSR Regions Revealed by WAC Images.

Paul Lucey:  Albedo of Lunar Polar Regions at 1064 nm and Implications for Volatiles.

Amanda Hendrix: Far-UV Albedo: Diurnal Variations in Hydration and a Probe for the Lunar Cryosphere.

Dana Hurley:  Volatile Sources, Mobility and Diversity on the Moon.

Paul Hayne: New and Evolving Views of the Moon’s Volatiles and Implications for Mercury. 

Kathleen E. Mandt: LRO-LAMP Detection of Geologically Young Craters within Lunar Permanently Shaded Regions.

David Lawrence:  Synthesis: Remote Sensing Evidence for Polar Volatiles on the Moon and Mercury.

3:50 PM:  The Origin and Long-Term Stability of Polar Volatile Deposits

Matt Siegler: True Polar Wander and Spin-axis/Orbital Parameter Variations of the Moon and Mercury and the History of Permanently Shadowed Regions.

Bill Bottke:  External Volatiles: Comets at the Moon and Mercury.

Parvathy Prem: Transport of Water in a Transient Impact-generated Lunar Atmosphere.
Alberto Saal: Internally Derived Lunar Volatiles: A Synthesis.

Steve Parman: Internally Derived Mercury Volatiles: A Synthesis.

Ralph Milliken: Lunar Equatorial Surface Volatiles: Lunar Pyroclastics. 

Nathan Schwadron: Time-of-Day Dependence of Albedo Proton Flux in the Near Surface Hydration Layer?

6:20 PM: Myriam Lemelin: Introduction to Candidate Polar Landing Sites Poster Session

6:30 PM:  Poster Session and Reception

Candidate Polar Landing Sites Posters

Myriam Lemelin: High Priority Landing Sites for in situ and Sample Return of Polar Volatiles.

Jessica Flahaut: Science-rich Landing Sites: Lunar Volatile Exploration.

Makiko Ohtake: JAXA Lunar Polar Exploration Regions of Interest.

Mikhail Ivanov: Russian Luna Polar Landing Site Analyses.

Rick Elphic: Resource Prospector Landing Site Considerations: From Measurement Priorities to Mission Constraints.

Polar Volatiles on the Moon and Mercury Posters

Svetlana Pugacheva: Ice Distribution in Lunar Polar Soils: A Synthesis.

Erwan Mazarico: Mercury’s North Pole Illumination-modeling Simulations.

Greg Neumann: Mercury Laser Altimeter 1064 nm Reflectance in the North Polar Region.

Ted Raab: Halogens: Constraints from Meteorites, Apollo/Luna Measurements and Theoretical Geochemistry.

Stuart Robbins: Distribution of Lunar Polar Craters and Correlations with LRO-LAMP Lyman-alpha Data.

Ted Roush: Imaging and Near-infrared Spectral Monitoring of Volatiles while Drilling into Frozen Lunar Simulant.

Sruthi Uppalapati: Tycho: New Analyses of its Age, Ejecta Distribution, and Effects on the Surface of the Moon.

Stephen Wood:  Thermal Modeling of Regolith Properties in Super-cold Permanently Shadowed Regions (PSR) on the Moon and Mercury.

Wenzhe Fa: Mini-RF PSR Data: Detection of Ice or Rocks?

Martin Slade: New Earth-based Radar Observations of the Lunar Poles to Characterize Ice Abundance and Inclusions.

Jim Fastook: Polar Glaciers on Mercury?


Sunday, March 20, 2016 (8:30 AM-12 Noon)

8:30 AM: The Origin and Long-Term Stability of Polar Volatile Deposits

Darby Dyar: Externally Derived Lunar Volatiles: Solar Wind.

David Paige: Outstanding Questions Regarding Polar Volatiles on the Moon and Mercury.

9:10 AM:  Future Exploration Plans for Polar Volatile Deposits

Barbara Cohen: Lunar Flashlight 6U CubeSat Mission.

Pam Clark: Lunar Ice Cube 6U CubeSat Mission.

Criag Hardgrove: Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper Mission (LunaH-Map).

Mahesh Anand: European Space Agency Plans for Lunar Polar Exploratio.

Maxim Litvak: Luna Missions to the Polar Regions of the Moon. 

David Rothery: The BepiColombo Mission to Mercury.

Tony Colaprete: Resource Prospector: Overview and Current Status.

Jen Heldmann: Resource Prospector: Science Goals & Implementation.

11:50 AM-12 Noon:  Discussion and Conclusions:  Jim Head, Carle Pieters and Maria Zuber

12:00 Noon: Adjourn